M7 Docs PolySynth   

The PolySynth is a flexible and powerful synth engine featuring 48 note polyphony + a special mono mode, and capable of producing almost any sound you want. It is very similar to the MUX except that it can only use a selection of modules, the ones that are capable of doing polyphonic processing.

Although very similar as MUX Modular, within a PolySynth not all types of modules can be used, only modules that are capable of doing polyphonic processing. For example, you can use an oscillator inside PolySynth but you cannot use a MuVerb. To know which modules can be used inside PolySynth, simply open the PolySynth editor and add a new module, the popup list will tell you which modules are available. Note that e.g. an oscillator can also be used outside PolySynth, e.g. in a MUX patch, but then the oscillator is monophonic!

The PolySynth is typically used within a MUX. Then the MUX can include effects like reverb and echo that will be applied to all of the PolySynth voices.

If you do want to build your own synth architectures, but you don't yet have the necessarry background info, visit this interesting page on Wikipedia.org: Intro To Sound Synthesis

 

About The Main Envelope

Every PolySynth patch should have a "Main Envelope". This envelope defines when a PolySynth voice is finished.

For example, a patch with a short amplifier envelope and with a long filter envelope. By default, the PolySynth will only finish the voice when all envelopes are finished. But in this case this would create voices which will play (and consume CPU power!) for a long time, while you only hear them for a short time. So indicating a proper Main Envelope is important in optimizing the voice allocation algorithm, and regarding CPU consumption. Indicating a proper Main Envelope is the responsibility of the patch designer! A good patch has set a proper Main Envelope. Most of the time the main envelope is the ADSR (or Multi-Point Envelope) that controls the final amplifier.

The Main Envelope can be set by right-clicking an envelope and choosing "Set As Main Envelope".

If no Main Envelope is set then chance is high that voices will take much longer to finish (depending on the patch) resulting in much more cpu usage than necessary.

 

Polyphony And Mono Mode

By default each PolySynth features 48 full featured polyphones. (independent from how complex/rich each polyphone is!) In the PolySynth's context menu (right-click its module, or click options in the PolySynth editor) there is a "Edit Polyphony" option that allows you to limit the polyphony between 2-48 for special effects, or to "Mono" in which case the PolySynth functions in mono mode. In mono mode there only is a single voice and when you play multiple notes the voice will track to the pitch of the newest note without retriggering the envelopes.

If there is a voice overload, then the process on/off LED will turn red so to easily diagnose voice overflows. This can happen for (too) long release times, or for no Main Envelope was set.

 

Notes

  • The PolySynth only supports 1 event input. If there already is an event input module, it will not be listed in the "Add Module" context menu anymore.

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